Bird Sounds

Pictures and recordings: Paweł Szczepaniak ©

Birds make a variety of sounds in order to inform the surrounding about the existing situation. Mating sounds, that is songs, often very elaborate, are emitted mainly by males. With mating and territorial sounds, they try to attract mates, advertise their territory, and discourage intruders. Sounds made by birds are also used to communicate, to “talk” with members of a bird family or flock. These are contact and alarm calls. Contact calls are used to call on individuals of the same species and to keep members of a flock in contact. Alarm calls are a reaction to danger; they can be a warning for nestlings or other flock members, and sometimes, even individuals of other species. In most cases, to make sounds, birds use a special organ situated at the base of the trachea, where it divides into two bronchi. This organ is called the syrinx or the lower larynx. Some birds make non-verbal sounds known as mechanical or instrumental. To provide an example, it is not the syrinx but the bill that is used by storks to produce clattering. Similarly, the woodpecker drumming is made when the bill pecks on a branch or a trunk rapidly. Wings and feathers are also used to make sounds. Some species of birds, such as the Long-eared Owl, clasp their wings. In the mating season, the male Snipe, circles high over a territory, then, diving towards earth, it spreads rectrices, and thus, its characteristic “bleating” is produced.
We encourage you to watch and listen to the birds that you can meet while walking down the trails of the Świętokrzyski National Park and its vicinity.

 Pheasant - male

Pheasant – male

Tooting Pheasant – maleyTooting Pheasant – male

Corncrake

Corncrake

Corncrake, a singing maleCorncrake, a singing male

czajka

Northern Lapwing

Northern Lapwing, tooting Northern Lapwing, tooting
Northern Lapwing, a nestling soundNorthern Lapwing, a nestling sound

Common Snipe

Common Snipe

Common Snipe, tooting Common Snipe, tooting

Barn

Barn Owl – nestlings

Barn Owl, a sound of nestlings Barn Owl, a sound of nestlings

“Long-eared Owl

Long-eared Owl, a territorial call of a male Long-eared Owl, a territorial call of a male

Tawny Owl

Tawny Owl

Tawny Owl, a territorial call of a male and a sound of a female Tawny Owl, a territorial call of a male and a sound of a female

Ural Owl

Ural Owl

Ural Owl, a territorial call of a male and a sound of a female Ural Owl, a territorial call of a male and a sound of a female

Little Owl

Little Owl

Little Owl, an alarm call Little Owl, an alarm call
Little Owl, a singing maleLittle Owl, a singing male

Black Woodpecker

Black Woodpecker

Black Woodpecker, a territorial call of a male Black Woodpecker, a territorial call of a male
Black Woodpecker, drumming Black Woodpecker, drumming

Middle Spotted Woodpecker

Middle Spotted Woodpecker

Middle Spotted Woodpecker, a territorial call of a male Middle Spotted Woodpecker, a territorial call of a male

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Great Spotted Woodpecker, drummingGreat Spotted Woodpecker, drumming
Great Spotted Woodpecker, a sound of anxiety and a nestling soundGreat Spotted Woodpecker, a sound of anxiety and a nestling sound

Skylark

Skylark

Skylark, a singing maleSkylark, a singing male

Grey Wagtail – male

Grey Wagtail – male

Grey Wagtail, a singing male Grey Wagtail, a singing male

Winter Wren

Winter Wren

Winter Wren, a sound of anxietyWinter Wren, a sound of anxiety
Winter Wren, a singing maleWinter Wren, a singing male

Robin

Robin

Robin, a singing male Robin, a singing male

Common Redstart – male

Common Redstart – male

Common Redstart, a singing maleCommon Redstart, a singing male

Black Redstart

Black Redstart

Black Redstart, a singing male Black Redstart, a singing malesamiec

Whinchat – female

Whinchat – female

Whinchat, a sound of anxiety Whinchat, a sound of anxiety
Whinchat, a singing male Whinchat, a singing male

Common Blackbird

Common Blackbird

Common Blackbird, a singing male Common Blackbird, a singing male

Fieldfare

Fieldfare

Fieldfare, a singing male Fieldfare, a singing male

Whitethroat

Whitethroat

Whitethroat, a sound of anxietyWhitethroat, a sound of anxiety
Whitethroat, a singing maleWhitethroat, a singing male

Blackcap – nestling

Blackcap – nestling

Blackcap, a singing maleBlackcap, a singing male

Barred Warbler

Barred Warbler

Barred Warbler, a singing male Barred Warbler, a singing male

Chiffchaff

Chiffchaff

Chiffchaff, a singing male Chiffchaff, a singing male

Red-breasted Flycatcher – male

Red-breasted Flycatcher – male

Red-breasted Flycatcher, a sound of anxiety Red-breasted Flycatcher, a sound of anxiety
Red-breasted Flycatcher, a singing maleRed-breasted Flycatcher, a singing male

Great Tit

Great Tit

Great Tit, a sound of anxietyGreat Tit, a sound of anxiety
Great Tit, a singing maleGreat Tit, a singing male

Coal Tit

Coal Tit

Coal Tit, a contact callCoal Tit, a contact call
Coal Tit, a singing maleCoal Tit, a singing male

Red-backed Shrike – male

Red-backed Shrike – male

Red-backed Shrike, a sound of anxietyRed-backed Shrike, a sound of anxiety

Golden Oriole

Golden Oriole

Golden Oriole, a singing male Golden Oriole, a singing male

Jay

Jay

Jay, imitation of a Hawk call Jay, imitation of a Hawk call
Jay, imitation of a Buzzard call Jay, imitation of a Buzzard call

Magpie

Magpie

MagpieMagpie

Sparrow

Sparrow

Sparrow, flock soundsSparrow, flock sounds

Chaffinch – female

Chaffinch – female

Chaffinch, a singing male Chaffinch, a singing male
Chaffinch, other soundsChaffinch, other sounds

Eurasian Siskin – female

Eurasian Siskin – female

Eurasian Siskin, flock soundsEurasian Siskin, flock sounds

Bullfinch - male

Bullfinch – male

Bullfinch, a singing maleBullfinch, a singing male

Corn Bunting

Corn Bunting

Corn Bunting, a singing maleCorn Bunting, a singing male

Yellowhammer - male

trznadel – samiec

Yellowhammer, a singing male Yellowhammer, a singing male
Yellowhammer, other soundsYellowhammer, other sounds

Reed Bunting - female

Reed Bunting – female

Reed Bunting, a singing male Reed Bunting, a singing male